Publication Type:Journal Article
Source:Plant Pathology, Blackwell Science Ltd, Volume 52, Number 4, p.491–495 (2003)
Keywords:English walnut, Juglans regia, pathogenicity, soilborne pathogens, walnut decline
The pathogenicity of five species of Phytophthora to English walnut was studied in a greenhouse experiment. Phytophthora cinnamomi was the most aggressive species, causing severe root rot and seedling mortality. The other species tested, P. cambivora, P. citricola, P. cactorum and P. cryptogea, did not induce visible crown symptoms on seedlings 2 months after inoculation. Some strains of P. cambivora and P. cactorum also caused taproot damage to seedlings. All except one of the tested isolates caused significant necrosis of fine roots and a significant reduction of root weight compared with noninoculated seedlings. Reduction of above-ground plant development was not statistically significant. While P. cinnamomi is well known as an aggressive primary pathogen of English walnut, the other species of Phytophthora may act as predisposing factors to walnut decline, affecting root system development and increasing host vulnerability to environmental stress.